In the 1970’s, social scientists made two assumptions about people. One, people are mostly rational. Two, when they behaved irrationally, it was because emotions such as anger or fear intervened.
Behavioral scientists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky managed to demonstrate that both of these assumptions were false. People did not act rationally most of the time. And when people did act irrationally, it was not because emotions got in the way, but because the design of their cognitive machinery was faulty. …
Certain foods are good for our good bacteria. These foods are prebiotics, and they are much more suitable for daily use than probiotics. To gain the benefits of prebiotics, good bacteria must already exist in the gut.
List of Prebiotics
Artichoke, asparagus, endive, green bananas, Jerusalem artichoke, garlic, onion, parsnips, black salsify, wheat (wholegrain), rye, oats, leek.
Clever Cravings for Fermented Foods
If you drink a glass of water with the same amount of sugar that is contained in the same volume of cola, you would feel disgusted. But if you add some citric acid (carbonic acid and phosphoric acid)…
Bacteria can also perform this service outside the gut. Yogurt is nothing other than milk that has been predigested by bacteria. Much of the sugar in the milk (lactose) has already been broken down and transformed into lactic acid (lactate) and smaller sugar molecules. That is why yogurt is both sweeter and sourer than milk.
The newly formed acid has another effect on the milk. It causes the milk protein to curdle, giving the yogurt its characteristic thickness. Predigested milk (yogurt) saves our body some work-we just have to finish off what the bacteria started.
Bacteria do more than just…
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is an unpleasant bloated feeling or gurgling in the abdomen (and susceptibility to diarrhea and constipation). IBS sufferers report anxiety and depressive disorders. If the brain insists, it can receive unwanted information from the gut.
Such a state can also be caused by tiny but persistent micro-inflammations, bad gut flora, or undetected food intolerances. Despite the wealth of recent research, some doctors still dismiss patients with IBS as a hypochondriacs or malingerers because their tests show no visible damage to the gut.
Stress is a major stimuli discussed by the brain and the gut. When the brain…
If you wanted to find the antidote to bullshit, look not further than the fine craftsman. Each product designed by the craftsman is as it should be. At no point does he relax his thoughtful self-discipline, even for parts of his work that aren’t immediately visible. But he does not do this to impress others. It doesn’t matter to him whether they care or notice. He is only interested in appeasing his own conscience. On the contrary, the bullshitter makes no effort of that sort. The bullshitter is only interested in the reaction.
But that is not to say, that…
The reader follows the narration of junkie William Lee, who takes on various aliases, from the U.S. to Mexico, eventually to Tangier and the dreamlike Interzone.
The Biology of Desire
Through the vivid, true stories of five people who journeyed into and out of addiction, a renowned neuroscientist explains why the “disease model” of addiction is wrong and illuminates the path to recovery.
Atomic Habits by James Clear is a concise guide to breaking bad habits and implementing new ones. It is essentially a compilation of psychological tricks that you can use to help you in your fight against yourself.
How to create a good habit?
1. Make It Obvious
2. Make It Attractive
In The 37 Percent Rule, the basic idea is that you have a series of candidates you are interviewing for the role of secretary (this thought experiment originated in the 1950s). You interview each candidate one by one and must decide on the spot if you will stop your search there and hire the candidate. If you decide to move to the next candidate, the previous candidate is gone forever.
The algorithm suggests that to maximize your probability of finding the best secretary, you should interview 37% of the candidates without making a decision, and then hire the next candidate…